The Latest in Laser Eye Surgery


Eye is an important and sensitive organ found in human being. Though the location of the eye fits the best and even people make sure they take care of their eyes the best, yet with injuries due to accident and other issues, you end up having problems in your eyes. Thanks to the high end latest technologies and treatment options, which have emerged in the domain of eye care, treating eye with any problem has become simpler as compared to the past. The presence of highly competitive eye surgeons and experts also make ways in settling down the eye problems once for all with different latest eye surgeries. Now, let’s check the latest in eye surgery and procedure in the following paragraphs:

The Most Common Type of Laser Eye Surgery is LASIK

When it comes to corrective common vision problems like farsightedness, nearsightedness, presbyopia and astigmatism, refractive surgeries come into picture. These procedures help in reducing the need of having eyeglasses or contact lenses. Currently you have a procedure called LASIK, which is among the advance procedures in eye care. This option proves out to be an effective option for corrective vision issues.

Newer Variations on LASIK

LASIK is considered to be among the latest procedures in eye surgery, however, there are certain newer variations found with it, let’s check them out:

Wavefront-guided LASIK

This latest procedure in Lasik is a computer imaging technology, which can be called as a one step ahead the conventional LASIK procedure. The Wavefront guided LASIK surgery offers the surgeons and experts a 3D view/map of the cornea of the patients going for this surgery. This helps in detecting a very subtle kind of abnormalities over the cornea surface. The result you find in this surgery is much better in terms of vision correction than the one achieved by the conventional LASIK procedure.


In this eye surgery procedure, the surgeon instead of using a laser beam to make the flap in the eye, is seen using a special device known as trephine, which helps in cutting down the ultra thin layer of corneal tissue.

Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK): Less Expensive Laser Eye Surgery

This procedure is often employs to treat conditions like hyperopia, astigmatism and myopia. This kind of laser eye surgery, you can find the surgeon using computer controlled excimer laser in order to reshape the cornea. However, with this procedure, you can easily remove the ultra thin kind of outer lawyer of the eye that helps in growing back instead of making it like a flap. The Wavefront guided option is used in this procedure. This procedure has a couple of benefits, which include faster recovery time and cost effectiveness as compared to LASIK.

Laser Eye Surgery Risks

Any surgery comes with some risk of the other and eye surgery is no exception though it comes at a very low risk. After the surgery, there is a rare chance of getting complications, yet the flap made during the surgery to fix the injury in eye will take time. You should avoid rubbing your eyes in order to multiply the side effects or the risks after the surgery especially after the LASIK procedure. LASEK will help in preserving corneal tissue hence it proves out to be a safer option for a number of patients who are known to have thin tissues.

How Effective Is Laser Eye Surgery?

In terms of result, LASIK has 90 percent of the result in giving the best vision results claims the study of American Academy of Ophthalmology. Similar is the story with other surgical options including PRK and LASEK.

Who Is a Good Candidate?

Talking about the good candidates for the LASIK, you need to be above 18 years of age along with having stable health conditions with no major operation in the past. However, people with dry eyes and other similar medical conditions that can put a direct impact on the healing of the eyes are not the candidate for the surgery.



Tooth Replacement Options: Dental Implants, Bridges, and Dentures

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Loss of tooth due to accident or aging can be a problem in many ways. Right from facing a number of functional issues to emotional and psychological, it can prove out to be a big ailment that can bring in problem in many ways. When it comes to solution pertaining to tooth replacement options, you have a couple of choices including dentures, dental implants and bridges. All of these options have both merits and demerits, which we will be discussing in the following paragraphs, let’s start with dentures as under:

Tooth Replacement: Dentures

It can be called as the removable replacement option for missing teeth and surrounding tissues. There are two types of dentures, which include both the complete and partial dentures. When you talk about dentures, they can mean different things for different people. Now, let’s check the types:

Types of Dentures

When it comes to types of dentures, there are basically two types, which are discussed as below:

Complete Dentures: It is nothing but a set of complete dentures, which are used while the different natural teeth require replacing. The upper dentures are seen replacing the top row of teeth and the lower dentures. The complete dentures are both immediate and conventional, which are made once the teeth are removed while the gum tissue are seen getting healed, whereas the other may need a one to 2 weeks times.

Overdentures: The implant therapy is often prescribed for people having multiple or one or having a wide range of teeth missing. People having all the teeth or multiple numbers of teeth missing can often opt for partial dentures, which is also known as overdentures. The overdentures can be called the replacement teeth that are retained with the help of dental implants. These were simply developed for patients find back better quality of life, which people been missing.

Tooth Replacement: Dental Bridges


The other tooth replacement option for people without teeth includes dental bridges. It is nothing but a structure found in between two different crowns, which is used to fill the gaps found in between the missing teeth. The bridges can promise a number of benefits, which include restoring your smile, restoring your capability to properly speak and chew along with maintaining the face and its shape. It helps in distributing the forces with the help of your bite with the help of replacing the missing teeth. Lastly, it helps in preventing the remaining teeth from issues like drifting out of the position.

Types of dental bridges

When it comes to choosing the types of dental bridges, you can find three main types of dental bridges, which are as under:

  • Traditional Bridges: It involves creating your own crown for implant or tooth over the either side of the missing tooth along with a replacement tooth also called pontic found in between. The traditional bridges are among the common kinds of bridges and are made up of ceramics and metal.
  • Cantilever Bridges: These are used when you find adjacent teeth over only just one side of the missing teeth or tooth.
  • Maryland Bonded Bridges: These are made up plastic teeth and gums are supported by metal framework. The metal wings on the either side over the bridge are seen getting bonded to your current teeth.

Tooth Replacement: Dental Implants

Third and the last option come in the form of dental implants, which gives you a feeling of natural teeth. These are permanent fixtures of titanium posts, which are anchored to jawbone and are topped over with individual replacement teeth or using bridge, which cements or screws over the posts.

The benefits of dental implants

A patient choosing for dental implants are more likely to enjoy a wide range of benefits, which are enlisted as below:

  • Your mouth will be restored very much closely as much possible to the natural state
  • Implants are permanent and you will not find loosening
  • It helps in keeping you younger by simply preventing shrinkage of jawbone
  • It helps in deterring further the bone loss
  • You do not need any adhesive for the same
  • Enjoy food as can chew the best.

Thus with dental implants, one can enjoy a wide range of benefits, which are hard to find.


Causes of Tooth Decay and Fillings


As per the recent reports, more than 10 percent of people in the US already suffer from the issue of tooth decay and fillings. The problem of tooth decay is nothing but a painful reminder, which one faced during the childhood when puns about the bad tooth was not really a big joke. You may find people despite being all health conscious losing their oral health and thus creating much of the havoc than the hope. Hence keeping that in mind, you can easily explore some of the quick causes of tooth decay and fillings, which will together help in keeping your dental habits right for shaping up your overall oral healthcare the best. Let’s check them as under:




The very first and foremost cause to issues like tooth decay and fillings is milk. Don’t surprise at all to find it in this list for the obvious reason that it is an important source of calcium and vitamin for your teeth but at the same time can be a big cause to issues like tooth decay and fillings. Apart from being the source of many good things, it is also a great source of natural sugar lactose that can bring in issues like cavities especially when you consume overnight just before going to your bed. Hence, if you are looking to avoid the same, it is always recommended to rink the mil as early as possible so that you get time to brush off the sugars afterwards (though not quickly after drinking the same).

Fizzy water

There is no denying to the fact that fizzy water is also one of the key causes to issues like tooth decay & fillings. This is due to the fact that it contains some dizzying amount of sugar in it unlike any other sparkling drinks, while the primary procedure of carbonation simply means it is very much acidic on your teeth.


Milk is just not the dairy product, which causes this problem, as yoghurt too is one of them. This is because yoghurt is highly acidic in nature, which bring in issues like enamel erosion and partly due to the fact that fruit yoghurt comprises of high amount of sugar content. This sugar content then reacts to certain amount of bacteria found in the yogurt and start to erode the tooth. Hence comparatively the natural ones are better yet cannot be called as brilliant.

White wine

Red wine is often bad option for teeth as it stains them. Similarly, as per the recent research carried out at Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, even the white wine can be a problem in this regard. Both men and women falling in the age group of 40 to 65 tend to give this problem of tooth decay and fillings who consume white wine. This is because the teeth completely soak all kinds of wine much as compared to the red ones. And as per the recent studies, the red wine on the contrary play a vital role in killing the bacteria found in the mouth.


As per the British Dental Health Foundation, every time one sips over a fruit smoothie, he or she comes under the attack by the acid within one hour. There is no denying to the fact that both vegetable and fruit drinks can prove out to be a healthy option with a five a day in one bottle claims, but by consuming even one smoothie from any high end coffee show can contain a huge 24 teaspoons worth sugar in it. Thus you get much of the cavity in a bottle than any other option.

Bottom line

The issue of tooth decay and fillings have been very much annoying. The above are some of the causes to this problem, which once you take care and can make things better.

Dental Filling for Cavities


Cavities are among the common problems with people of different age, they decay the tooth or teeth, which are often treated by extracting the cavities using special tools. The space created after extracting the cavities are followed by special filling, which help in restoring the teeth that are damaged due to decay giving the teeth the normal function. The dentists will consider a wide range of elements by choosing the kind of filling material suitable for you. These elements simply include the amount of repair wherein inside the mouth the fillings are required.

How Are Cavities Treated?

First of all, the dentist give a local anesthesia in order to numb at the area, which the tooth is surrounded to get them, filled over the extracted portion over the teeth. Next, your dentist is seen drilling the decayed portion of your teeth using air abrasion instrument or using laser in order to remove the same. The choice of instrument for the same would depend upon the comfort level of the dentist. In the next step, the dentist will then are seen preparing the space with filings with the help of cleaning the cavity of debris and bacteria.

If you find the decay closer to the root, your dentist will first of all seen using liner based of composite resin, glass ionomer or any other material that is used for nerve protection. He then finishes and polishes the same. There are several additional steps, which are needed for tooth colored fillings. Once the dentist removes the decay and cleaned the areas, he or she is seen applying tooth colored material by applying layers. Next, when the process of multilayered is completed, you can find dentists shaping up the composite material and thus giving the desired result. The dentist then finally trims off any extra amount of material followed by polishing and final restoration.

Dental Filling Options

There are several dental filling options and some of them are discussed as under:

  • Amalgam Fillings: These fillings are often resistant to wear and tear and are among the inexpensive options. However, owing to the dark color, these are known as more noticeable than the porcelain and composite restorations, which are not really employed in several visible areas like the front teeth.
  • Composite fillings: These are simply matched with the same color as your teeth and thus employed wherein a natural appearance is intended. These ingredients are simply blended and thus placed directly over the cavity wherein they are found in a hard state. The composites though may not perfect material for big size fillings as these may not wear or chip over time. These can also seen getting stained from tobacco, tea or coffee, while the fillings are often seen tangible in between three to ten years.
  • Glass ionomer fillings: These are used often like a cement for the inlay fillings. This can be employed for filling in front teeth or simply around the necks of teeth and in roots. As filling material, the glass ionomer is generally employed in the people reported with loads of decay in different portion of tooth, which extends below the gum. It is used for filling the baby teeth like a liner for other kinds of fillings. This option can last for five years or more.
  • Resin ionomer fillings: These fillings are made up from glass filler with the help of acrylic resin and acrylic acids. These are employed for a small and non load kind of bearing fillings over the root surfaces over the teeth while these are used for a non load and small size bearing filings over the root or root and the low fractured areas.
  • Custom-made dental restorations: As the name suggest, these types of fillings are the best one can be carried out in mere two or more number of visits, which can be a crown, an inlay or onlay. With the crown covers the whole of the chewing surface.


The dental fillings are among the options, which help in fixing the decay around the teeth with the help of fixing the decay once for all.

7 Celebs Who Fought And Won Against Breast Cancer

tumblr_inline_nwxyfuChxu1tt7ooi_540The modern woman wants to make their career, keep their personal life at risk to get issues like breast cancer. The celebrities are no exception as we can find some of the celebrities even from Hollywood and other film industries facing this menace. Some after suffering from the breast cancer also became the part of the awareness campaign about the same. Let’s explore the list of 7 celebs that fought and won against this dreaded ailment called breast cancer.

1) Kylie Minogue

tumblr_inline_nwxyfv6V331tt7ooi_540She is a known singer and television actress from Australia who was diagnosed with this dreaded medical ailment in the year 2005. She had to go for the chemotherapy and was successfully able to come out from this heinous disease. Since then, Kylie Mingoue has been vociferous against this menace called breast cancer helping women understand this problem. She has also received her honorary Doctorate degree in Health Sciences for being active in this field.

2) Cynthia Nixon

tumblr_inline_nwxyfwORdS1tt7ooi_540She is the gorgeous actress from the popular TV series called Sex and the City. She was diagnosed with this dreaded ailment during her routine mammogram in the year 2006. Cynthia successfully combated this menace and had the radiation therapy for six long months. She later underwent a procedure called lumpectomy. When she finally recovered, she turned the ambassador for Susan.G. Komen for the Cure- a known NGO working against this menace.

3) Barbara Mori

tumblr_inline_nwxyfwGsSq1tt7ooi_540Remember this Mexican beauty, who appeared in Bollywood film called Kites? Well, she is also a breast cancer survivor. Barbara was diagnosed with breast cancer when she was barely 29 years of age. After combating hard and survived, she now openly supports for a number of breast cancer causes.

4) Mumtaz

tumblr_inline_nwxyfvzUsw1tt7ooi_540Not many would know that the former Bollywood diva- Mumtaz too was diagnosed with breast cancer in the early 2000. As per reports, she had a malignant lump in her breasts that was diagnosed like a cancer. The veteran actress was able to overcome this menace with her family support and self determination. After fighting hard and winning the battle, she was seen claiming that she doesn’t give up so early and like to fight, which was the case against breast cancer.

5) Angelina Jolie

tumblr_inline_nwxyfuKlw01tt7ooi_540Angelina Jolie is among the most popular and beautiful women in the film industry Hollywood, which was revealed in May 2013. She had to opt for mastectomy twice to counter the menace called breast and ovarian cancer. Angelina Jolie was then seen taking up a bold step when she discovered that she has 87% of probability of having this dreaded disease of breast cancer, which also took her mom’s life. Now, you can find the leading lady of Hollywood active in the cause of breast cancer along with other activism.

6) Namrata Singh Gujral

tumblr_inline_nwxyfvgERc1tt7ooi_540Namrata is known American actress from Indian origin, who has worked in several sitcoms including the Americanizing Shelley and The Agency and Passions. She was also seen in the Bollywood movie called Kaante. In the year 2008, she was seen getting diagnosed with the early stages of breast cancer. However, she took the battle with great courage and commitment. She was then seen directing a docu-drama called 1 A Minute, which dealt with the women getting affected by breast cancer. This documentary got a grand 600 screens release and turned out to be a popular film on this subject.

7) Christina Applegate

tumblr_inline_nwxyfxoz3j1tt7ooi_540She is known for her hit sitcoms including Jesse, Samantha Who? She was diagnosed with this menace in the year 2008 but bravely fought for the same. As the breast cancer was detected in the early stage, she was able to get rid of the same with a double mastectomy. She then founded a group for breast cancer awareness called Right Action for Women wherein she has been vociferous against the menace.

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