The heart diseases can be even a bad news for the adults and among the kids; it comes like a tragedy to any family becoming the victim of the same. When it comes to heart diseases in Children, there are different types, which include the congenital heart disorders, viral infections, which hamper the heart and even the heart diseases that can be got later in the childhood owing to the illness or genetic syndromes. The good news is that with the advancements taking place in medical sciences, a number of kids with heart disease can be liberated with different treatment options available in the form of non-surgical and surgical options. Now, let’s check some of the common heart diseases in children and its solutions as under:
Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease
The cyanotic heart disease is a group type of CHD (Congenital heart defect), which is seen occurring owing to the deoxygenated blood bypassing the lungs and thus entering the systemic circulation or a blend of oxygenated and un-oxygenated blood that enters over the systemic circulation. It is often caused by structural defects found in the heart or any heart condition that boost up the pulmonary vascular resistance. The outcome of this disease is owing to the development of collateral circulation.
Non-Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease
The Non-Cyanotic Congenital Heart Diseasecomprises of closing the blood flow from the left side of the heart over the right side of the heart. Most of these typically include the atrial septal defect or ASD, ventricular septal defect or VSD, and the patent ductusarteriosusor PDA. This heart disease among the kids is often caused due to the increased amount of pulmonary blood flow. The cine gradient echocan be even employed to showcase the turbulent flow from the blood passing via a shunt. The VENC imaging can be employed to measure the flow via the pulmonary arteries and aorta, hence allowing for the quantification of the shunt fraction. The 3D MRA imaging can be seen in helping visualize the complex anatomy.
Congenital Heart Diseases
Congenital heart diseases can be called as the kind of heart diseases, which infant are born with. It is usually caused due to the heart defects found in the heart coming from the birth’s time. In fact, a majority of heart conditions found among the kids are known as structural heart defects that can occur in around eight kids of thousand ones from their birth’s time. These generally include a number of issues with a heart muscles or the heart valves. The other causes to congenital heart diseases can include issues like heart valve conditions like narrowing of aortic valve that is seen restricting the blood flow or the mitral valve leak and mitral valve prolapse issues found over the separates the right and left sides over the heart.
Uncommon Heart Conditions
The uncommon heart conditions among children are as under:
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD)
- Dilated cardiomyopathy
- Restrictive cardiomyopathy
These conditions are very less reported among the kids and even adults.
Diagnosis of Congenital Heart Conditions
If children are found with heart defects, the cardiac surgeon will carry out a couple of tests to confirm the heart problems apart from carrying the regular physical tests. These are as under:
- Fetal Echocardiogram
- Chest X Ray
- Pulse Oximetry
- Cardiac Catheterization
Care and Treatment
The care and treatment for treating heart defects among kids go the following ways:
- Procedures using catheterization
- Heart transplantation
- Open Heart Surgery
Besides, the above, the kids can be given the long term treatment options, which include lifelong monitoring and treatment, exercise restrictions and infection prevention. In other words, these are nothing but the care you need to consider for your kids who have been suffering from heart ailments once the basic and short treatment in the form of surgery comes to an end.