First what is Lasik (laser-assisted in situ Keratomileusis) it is the most common technique to treat myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. There are other types of refractive surgery it reshapes the cornea to make the light enter properly and to focused the light onto retina for a perfect vision.
How is Lasik done?
Fist your eye surgeon uses a mechanical surgical tool called as microkeratome or a femtosecond laser it creates a thin laser flap in the cornea. Then surgeon folds back the hinged flap to access the underlying cornea. And the surgeon removes some corneal tissues using a machine name excimer laser. It uses a cool ultraviolet light beam to remove. It mainly focuses light on retina to improve your vision.
Who can get the procedure?
Your eye doctor will perform a procedure to test your eye to see that it is healthy enough for the procedure then he or she will evaluate to see the shape and thickness of your cornea, pupil size and refractive errors.
What’s the success rate?
LASIK eye surgery has continued to improve from time to time; since when this procedure was approved in 1996 now even in 2014 some patients still asks is LASIK is safe or not. Due to latest technology and our trusted LASIK surgeons millions of peoples are less depended on their contact lenses and glasses.
Today most of the patient gets 20/20 vision after this treatment. But sometimes results are not same for everyone in some cases patients still needs to wear glasses. But still they get a better vision than before the surgery.
What are the risks?
It has rear chances for failure and risks for patients who have received LASIK surgery. But there are certain side effects for LASIK eye surgery particularly dried eyes and temporary vision disturbances are fairly common. But it will get away in few weeks or months and only some people get it as a long term problem.
Risk of ALSIK surgery:
- dry eyes
- glare, halos and double vision
- flap problems
- vision loss or changes
- conductions that increases the risks
- autoimmune disorder
- a weakened immune system
- persistent dry eyes
- uveitis, cataract, eye injuries, Keratitis, herpes simplex affecting the eye area glaucoma.
How long will it be out of commission?
You will sense light sensitivity and irritation and tearing for first 3 days; then after some 5-7 days your vision will get some improvement in your vision in at minimum level (20/40) and you will be back to your normal life style within a week. And it will get stable in 2 to 3 months. People can have the LASIK procedure in afternoon so after that they can go back to their work. The after one day break check that your eye looks good means are you feeling any changes in your vision or something. For the first week after the surgery the patient is recommended to keep their eyes covered with glasses. Any small amount of pressure can release the incision and protecting your eyes will be good for you. It is also recommended that patients should not;
- Bent with the head below the waist
- Lifting more than 10 pounds
- straining to the point like holding breath
All of this activities increases the pressure in the eye and can open the incision.
How much will this cost?
The main cost for LASIK surgery in north America is from less than 1,000 to 4,000$ for per eye. Many people take advantages of tax and refunds the cost of laser eye surgery cost from low as 299 to 4,000$ or more per eye the custom LASIK eye surgery is 2,500$ USD per eye.
How can I find a good doctor?
Factors that you should check before getting a surgeon:
- Licensing; licensing board can validate a surgeon’s credentials. Through national practitioner data bank.
- Board certification
If your surgeon is certified beyond having a basic licence to practice with medicines.
- American college of surgeons membership
Check the recommended doctor or a doctor chosen by you have a membership with them. Because those surgeons who uses designation “FACS” after their name are felloes of American college of surgeons.