Expert reveals the latest in Lasik surgery


If you are someone who is bored of wearing the eyeglasses and want to throw away those contact lenses, then have you ever thought of getting a permanent LASIK surgery? The LASIK eye surgery is one of the most common and definitely the most popular eye surgery options. Dr. Rajendran of Apollo Spectra, Chennai will aid you to understand the latest choices in the laser surgery for permanent vision correction- something which guarantees better results with fewer side effects and less recovery time.


How is LASIK surgery (LS) performed?

LASIK is a popular corrective surgery using laser to make the cornea more concave. It is a way to correct the refractive error and a small flap like a banana peel is first created and placed on the surface of the cornea, peripherally or centrally using a blade. It is quite a safe and simple surgery that could be performed within 15 to 20 minutes for both the eyes. It is the most appropriate for people having a moderate degree of nearsightedness (myopia) – you can see the nearby objects clearly but distant objects are blurry and farsightedness (hyperopia) – you can see distant objects clearly but nearby objects are blurry or astigmatism that causes overall blurry vision. A good surgical outcome will depend on careful evaluation of the eyes before the surgery.

Latest types of LS

The refractive surgery will change the shape of the dome-shaped transparent tissue or cornea in the front of your eye. The desired result of the LASIK eye surgery is to bend or refract the light rays and focus more precisely on the retina instead of some point beyond or on front. The end result of the successful LASIK eye surgery is clear, sharp vision.

Presently, there are many types of LASIK surgeries available in India, which includes the following:

  1. Conventional LASIK: During this surgery, a disposable blade is used for creating the flap and then excimer laser will be used for the corneal ablation for power correction.
  2. ASA (Advanced Surface Ablation): During this surgery, excimer laser is applied on the cornea in selected cases without creating flap.
  3. Femto LASIK: During this surgery instead of blade, Femtolaser is used to create flap and again an excimer laser is used for power correction.
  4. SMILE: During this type of LS full correction is done with femtolasik without excimer Lasik. Each type has its own indications according to the needs of the patient and your surgeon’s preference.

Precautions taken before the new types of LASIK Surgery

It is important to have a discussion with your ophthalmologist in order to understand the facts before undergoing the LS. You should be minimum 18 years old in order to be eligible for LS You should undergo a complete eye- check up which includes the detailed scan of cornea, especially the anterior part wherein the surgery will be conducted. The patient should stop using the contact lenses, 5 to 7 days before the surgery. If the contact lens used is hard, then you will need to stop using it 15 days prior to the LS.

What to expect during LASIK?

The patient could head home without any hospitalization. Typically, this procedure is performed under the topical (eye drop) anaesthesia. During the surgery, you’ll be asked to lie down on the operating table and focus on a target light above. Usually, patients are quite comfortable throughout the surgical procedure.

Immediately after LASIK surgery

One could soon head home after undergoing a new type of LS. However, the patient will not be allowed to drive back. For three days, he or she should abstain from any activity that will strain their eye. The patient needs to wear the protective goggles. You should not touch the eye frequently. One could completely resume their routine activities, three days post LS.



Instructions to Wear Eye Makeup After LASIK Eye Surgery?

LASIK eye surgery is an effective procedure that corrects the farsightedness, nearsightedness, astigmatism and similar vision aberrations. The top eye surgeons use the latest laser technology and have a vast experience performing this procedure therefore it involves minimal risks. However, as with all other surgical procedures, you should consider some precautions to prevent infection and other side effects. One way you can protect your eyes and speed up the healing is through the proper use of eye makeup.


What to Expect During LASIK?

 During the LASIK eye surgery, the surgeon will use a precise laser to create a thin flap in your cornea. After lifting up the flap, he will access the underlying layers of your cornea and then reshape this area using an excimer laser. A small amount of tissues will be removed and then the refraction of light is corrected so that it focuses on the center of your retina. The exact process depends on your visual requirements. If you are nearsighted, then the surgeon will flatten the cornea and if you suffer from farsightedness then the cornea will be made steeper.

What to Expect During Recovery?

 Recovery from LASIK is quick and easy. When your surgeon has achieved the final results, he will lay the flap back down over your eye. The tissues will heal naturally within a few days. In most cases, you will notice a significant improvement in your vision within the first 24 hours. Some of you may experience some minor sensitivity, but this will dissipate within a day or two. The LASIK eye surgery has a significantly higher success rate. Over 96 percent of LASIK patients achieve the 20/20 vision or better.

The risks involved with this procedure are infection, glare or halos, overcorrection or undercorrecion, dry eye, difficulty with the night vision. In most cases, these side effects wil clear up on their own and in very rare cases, you will need a revision surgery.

Here are some instructions to guide you to wear your eye makeup after LASIK eye surgery:

  1. You should avoid wearing eye makeup for about a week post the LASIK eye surgery. Once you no longer rely on the glasses or contacts, your eyes will become the focal point of your face. You can continue wearing foundation and other products after discussing with your eye surgeon.
  2. If you apply makeup around the eyes, then small particles could come in contact with the sensitive area and this could increase your risk for infection and irritation.
  3. When you begin to wear the eye makeup again, you should purchase the new eyeliner and mascara. Following the surgery, the bacteria can cling with the use of old products and you are more susceptible to infection, therefore use only the new eyeliner and mascara products.
  4. While returning to your normal routine of wearing the eye makeup, avoid touching your eyes themselves during the application.
  5. Avoid using foundations or powders around the eye region for one week. However, you can used foundation, blush and bronzer on your face after the first 3-4 days post surgery.
  6. Avoid using the eye creams and lotions for two weeks post surgery. When applying a moisturizer on your face, ensure not to apply to the areas around the eyes as they can seep into the eye and cause irritation or infection.
  7. Try not to use any makeup which could flake off in your eyes and cause irritation or make you feel the urge to rub your eyes. The flaky products include powder shadows with glitter or sparkle and mascaras which lengthen or strengthen the eyelashes.
  8. Always be gentle while applying and removing your eye makup after the first week since your eyes are still sensitive and at higher risk for infection.
  9. It is best to use the minimal makeup to avoid irritation to your eyes, instead work your way up to the heavy makeup post the LASIK eye surgery.
  10. Be careful not to wear anything waterproof which will be difficult to remove later.

Ask your doctor for further guidance to know until when you should avoid wearing the eye makeup and how to use the eye makeup without increasing your risk to infection.


How to Wear Eye Makeup After Cataract Surgery?



Are You a Candidate for Eyelid Surgery?


The eyelid surgery also known as blepharoplasty is a surgical procedure for improving the appearance of the eyelids. Surgery can be performed on either the upper or lower lids or both. Whether you want to improve your appearance or if you are experiencing functional problems with your eyelids, then the eyelid surgery can help rejuvenate the area surrounding your eyes.

eye-lid-surgerySpecifically, the eyelid surgery can treat the following:

  • Excess fatty deposits which appear as puffiness in the eyelids
  • Loose or sagging skin which creates folds or disturbs the natural contour of the upper eyelid and in some cases impair the vision
  • Drooping lower eyelids which reveal the white below the iris
  • Bags under the eyes
  • Excess skin and fine wrinkls of the lower eyelids
  • Over time, the skin stretches, creases, sags and folds. Though it is a natural ageing effect, it can be a medical problem when it happens to your eyelids as it can severely limit the peripheral or side vision
  • Sagging eyelids that don’t just make you look younger but also affect your vision

Fortunately, the eyelid surgery is an outpatient procedure done to remove the excess tissues and lifting the skin. This is a procedure done without a knife as we use the radio frequency to excise the excessive skin and not a scalpel. This is an important distinction as there is little to no bleeding.

The Causes of Sagging Eyelids

There are many causes of sagging eyelids such as it may be a genetic predisposition in the family. Sometimes, the lifestyle and environment can cause this problem. People who work outside for many years may experience drooping eyelids.

Another contributing factor is age as over a period of time, the movements we make with our eyes such as squinting, blinking and facial expressions take their toll. The facial ageing begins with crow’s feet and wrinkles on the side of the eyes which start to extend across the lower eyelid and into the upper eyelid. The skin becomes lax and the muscles begin to weaken, eventually the eyes will have a hooded appearance. The lower eyelids also being to sag and create permanent bags which cause the person to appear tired all the time. At first you may notice that the sagging eyelids interfere with your vision. This is a gradual process which happen over a period of time.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Most patients request their eyelids to be corrected as their eyes look closed and tired and they are also losing their superior visual fields described as hooding. The patients may mention that the skin on the upper lid presses right on their lashes. The doctor will first conduct a visual field test with and without a tape. This is a map of the peripheral vision using a machine to measure the visual field. Patients are tested twice. During the second time, the lids will be taped up simulating post-surgical results. The doctor will take the ocular photos of the eyelids individually as well as together.

If the medical diagnosis for sagging eyelids is made, then the office contacts the patient’s insurance to get clearance for their eyelid surgery. This insurance will cover the operation as long as the problem is interfering with the vision of the patient.

The surgical procedure is actually not length as it takes only about 20 minutes. Patients will be sedated and will be need transportation back home. Although a certain degree of swelling is normal. The patients are given an antibiotic ointment and instructions in order to apply an icepack. They may be able to resume their normal activities within a couple of days. The white dissolvable sutures will be used to minimize any scarring. A post-op appointment will be there at 5 to 7 days after the procedure and a second post-op appointment will be done to evaluate the final results.

When Eyelid Surgery Is Not Recommended

However, not everyone is a candidate for eyelid surgery as good health is a prerequisite.



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Cost of LASIK Eye Surgery & Can I Afford It?


Are you wondering about the cost of LASIK eye surgery or how LASIK cost will fit within your budget? The cost of LASIK depends on a number of factors including the surgeon, technology used for laser eye surgery procedure and your vision prescription. The LASIK cost if often quoted per eye therefore remember to double the number if you plan to have lser eye surgery for both eyes. In addition to financing the options for the laser eye surgery, there are many laser eye surgery options which fit your budgets.


Step by Step: How to Evaluate the Cost of LASIK Eye Surgery?

The average cost of LASIK eye surgery is between $1,500 & $2,500 per eye. It is significant to balance your comfort level with the LASIK specialist and their staff. Some major factors to evaluate the cost of LASIK eye surgery includes:

LASIK Surgeon

The experience of your LASIK surgeon makes a difference in your laser eye surgery costs. Some doctors who charge less may not have access to the latest laser technology. Your comfort level with the LASIK surgeon and their staff is so important and ideally it can strike the right balance between affordability and experience.

Vision Prescription

There are a variety of factors about vision prescription which may affect the LASIK cost which will be thoroughly discussed in your free consultation for the LASIK eye surgery.

Laser Eye Surgery Technology

While researching the cost of laser eye surgery, remember there are quite a few variants of LASIK and new technologies which are always emerging. Although the latest technologies have higher costs, it also has many benefits and the right procedure will depend on your unique needs and your LASIK specialists will help you to make best decision.


Cost of living has a vital role to play in LASIK cost therefore living in a large expensive city may lead to higher costs than living in an area with a lower cost of living. The overall cost of living for the state may also help to account for the cost of laser eye surgery.

Can I Afford LASIK? Payment Options Are Available

While planning your laser eye surgery budget, remember that the financial options which are available allow paying over the LASIK over time. Review your options for LASIK financing since it is similar to applying any other type of loan. Not all surgeons work with every financing company, therefore it helps finding a surgeon you like and then apply for financing.

On the other hand, you can set up a health savings account which will allow saving for the medical needs with a few added tax benefits which will lower the costs in the long run. At Indian Health Guru, to get your LASIK vision correction this is safe, easy and affordable. That is why hundreds and thousands of patients get their LASIK eye surgery in India for a better vision at the better value. Also there is no reason for waiting.

The cost of laser eye surgery reflects an elective procedure which is life changing and reduces the need for glasses and contacts for years. The money saved on related costs of Lasik eye surgery in India reflects only the part of the surgery’s value. However, many patients have found that they can do what they could not have done before LASIK including SCUBA dive, swim, off-the shelf sunglasses, travel without hassle and play freely with their children. Contact us to learn more about the cost of LASIK and the many payment options available.

What Causes Blurred Vision?


Though blurred vision can be called as the key symptom of the eye ailment but these are not the only thing, which can bring in the vision to blurry. This very issue can hamper one or both the eyes and thus it can occur rarely or too often. Either way, if you come across the vision to be blurry you need to contact your eye surgeon to fix things right. If you are struggling with this issue, it is always recommended to contact the doctor to get the eyes tested and come out with the treatment done on time and thus make things right. How about exploring the issue in the following paragraphs:

What Are the Symptoms of Hazy Vision?

In more of the cases, the blurred vision can be backed with additional amount of symptoms, which can be experienced in one or in the both eyes. There are often some of the other symptoms of hazy or blurred vision, which can be jotted down as under:

  • Photophobia (sensitivity to light)
  • Eye pain
  • Floaters or spots
  • Loss of peripheral vision
  • Discharge from eye
  • Loss of central vision
  • Itchy eyes
  • Dry eyes
  • Increased tear production
  • Poor near vision
  • Red bloodshot eyes
  • Poor night vision
  • Bleeding from eye

If you experience some of these symptoms it is often recommended to consider visiting the doctor to decide upon the course of action.

What Are the Causes of Hazy Vision?

As said above, the blurred vision can be called as the sign of an underlying problem. Of course, people who tend to forget to wear their prescribed corrective lenses end up experiencing the blurry vision, but it’s not often that happens to be simple.

Yet, the loss of vision like double vision, blurry vision or blindness, these can mean any number of things that range from the dry eyes/glaucoma and migraines which even include retinal detachments. The fact of the matter is there is a long list of a number of causes to blurry vision, how about checking them as under:

  • Refractive Eye Conditions that can lead to the need for corrective lenses or a new lens prescription
  • Myopia leading to Nearsightedness
  • Presbyopia that lead to diminishing ability to focus

The other eye conditions can include glaucoma, cataracts, or macular degeneration

  • Dry Eyes having the symptom of this syndrome
  • The migraines is seen experiencing blurry vision due to the onset ofmigraine
  • Cataracts making experiencing cloudy
  • The contact lenses that can lead to dirty or damaged contact lenses
  • Diabetes

When Do I Seek Medical Help for Hazy Vision?

When it comes to blurred vision, it is linked with number symptoms which are discussed above. Once you experience the symptoms it is often recommended to seek the help of healthcare professional. Also, if the medication is giving you the blurry vision, better avoid discontinuing or switching the medications before considering the eye doctor. If you are seen experiencing the eye pain along with the eye is seen red you need to call your eye doctor instantly. At the complete or partial blindness, even if it is temporary, it shouldn’t be ignored as it can be called medical emergency.

How Is Hazy Vision Diagnosed?

The hazy vision can be diagnosed in a number of ways, which include doing the same with the following tests:

  • Slit lamp examination
  • Refraction test
  • Tonometry

These tests help in finding out the ailment of blurred vision that tends to make things better.

How Is Hazy Vision Treated?

When it comes to treating the hazy vision, the treatment option can be carried out in various ways. These include medication and if things do not work one can opt for the surgery that ends up fixing the blurred vision.


Hereditary Eye Issues: Have You Heard About It!


As per an estimate, around 120 million in US alone are the victim of various eye issues and are having treatment for their issues in their eyes. These vision disorders are often termed as refractive errors, which are among the common vision issues in this country. The refractive errors are seen occurring when the curvature of the cornea has issues with its shape causing vision problems. This can also be seen occurring when the eye is either too long or too short. When the cornea loses its normal shape and curvature, it tends to bend or refract light falling over the retina with the required amount of precision. But when the cornea curve is seen with such irregular shapes, the cornea tends to bend with imprecation over the retina this ends up blurring your vision. There are a number of conditions, which can potentially hamper the clarity or the quality of vision. The cause to these eye issues can be many but most of the time it tends to comes out as hereditary as well and some of these are as under:

Hyperopia and Myopia

These are among the common eye issues that can be genetic. The former is also called farsightedness, which is a condition wherein the patients fails to see the closer objects but can have a clear vision of distant objects. This can occur when the eyeballs tend to become shorter than the normal ones while the cornea is flatter than the normal ones. With age, the ability of lens fail to accommodate that hampers the vision quality bringing out this problem. Now talking about myopia, which is also called as nearsightedness wherein a person can see closer objects clearly while the distant one cannot be seen clearly with this condition. This ailment can occur when the normal eye has normal cornea. With prolonged or frequent work can influence the progression of myopia to a great extent. It can be even in the school kids or people in between 20 to 40 years and with issues like cataract, it can become bad to worse.

Macular Dystrophy

It is relatively a rare kind of eye problem, which have been making headlines for some celebrities getting the same. It is also linked to genetic mutations, which can deteriorate the inner back lining of your eye wherein you can find the light sensitive cells. In this ailment, the macula is seen getting hampered in the macular dystrophy, which also hampers the vision and color perception of the same. With this ailment, the patient fails to get an impact over his central vision causing blindness in many cases.


Unlike the above conditions, Glaucoma is also genetic and can occur with the damage of optic nerves of your eyes. There are different types of glaucoma and the most common one include Chronic Open Angle Glaucoma, which has affected the lives of 3 million of US citizens. In this condition, the fluid in the eye that is used to nurture the ocular structures is drained giving the elevation in eye pressure. This disease comes gradual and remains largely asymptomatic.


Also known as color vision deficiency, which is an ailment wherein the patients fails to perceive the color differences under the usual lighting conditions. This ailment has put its impact to a sizeable amount of population in the US and other parts of the world. The most usual cause to this problem is due to the retinal cones development, which perceives the color in light and thus transmits the info over the optic nerve.

How to treat?

When it comes to treatment about these hereditary eye issues, there are different options from eye glasses to surgery. As far as the issues like myopia and hyperopia are concerned, these can be managed with glasses, however, for permanent solution you can have vision corrective surgeries to get rid of these. For the Macular Dystrophy, you can get rid of the same with gene therapy in association with certain drugs recommended by FDA. The issue of color blindness can never be treated but can be managed using contact lenses. Talking about the glaucoma treatment, one can be fix this issue with medication, surgery, laser surgery and other treatment options depending upon the condition of the patient.