Heart Attack: Men and Women Aren’t Equal


A heart condition is one of the biggest killers in the world for both men and women. Earlier a study suggested that men and women with mild heart disease share the same risks at least over the short term. Doctors have thought that women with mild heart disease do worse than men. However, this study suggests that the rate of heart attacks and death among men and women with heart disease is similar.


As per the lead researcher, Dr. Jonathon Leipsic, director of medical imaging at St. Paul’s Hospital in Vancouver, British Columbia, “Meanwhile both men and women who do not have build-up of plaque in their coronary arteries have the same good chance to avoid severe heart-related consequences. If you have a normal CT scan, then you are not likely to have a heart attack or die in the next 2.3 years- whether you are a man or a woman. That’s an important new finding.” Further he said that the ability to use a CT scan for diagnosing plaque in the coronary arteries has enabled the researchers to determine whether the outcomes are the same for men and women, irrespective of what other tests show.

But as per a new study, the signs of heart attack vary with gender. Though men tend to report the stereotypical chest pain but women rarely do so.

The Study

According to the study conducted by the researchers in Florida, they have looked at the range of symptoms that have been experienced by both men and women while they are having a heart attack. This was done in order to help the people of both sexes to identify the heart attack if they have one. They set out to look at the prevalence of chest pain with heart attack and whether the chest pain can give an indication of if the patient is likely to die from the heart attack.

The symptoms of a heart attack can vary from extreme chest pain, loss of breath, tingling limbs and nausea. The researchers have looked at the records of over a million Americans who suffered a heart attack within a set of 12 year period from 1994 to 2006. They recorded the gender, symptoms and death rates for each testimony examined.

The Results

Around 30.7% women reported chest pain during their heart attack, with younger women less likely to experience it than the older ones. What’s more surprising is that less than half i.e. just 42% of the men reported crushing chest pain as a symptom of their heart attack. These results show contrary to the popular belief, chest pain is not a key symptom of a heart attack. Most people who have a heart attack do not experience chest pain at all. Some have no pain whatsoever while they are having a heart attack in the chest, jar, arm or neck.

It is significant that people are aware that the unexplained shortness of breath, sweating and nausea are vital signs of a heart attack. In case these symptoms arise, then people who are at higher risk of heart attack such as those who are overweight or aged over 50 should seek medical attention.

Bottom Line

Indian Healthguru Consultants is a pioneer in the medical tourism industry assisting the global patients seeking their cardiac surgery and treatments at the best hospitals in India. Our doctors and surgeons at cardiology center in the hospitals are highly qualified and have vast experience performing affordable cost cardiac surgery.



Minimally invasive heart surgery – Facts to Know!

What is minimally invasive heart surgery?

A minimal invasive methodology permits access to the heart through smaller cuts and without ceasing the heart, or isolating the breastbone (sternum) and ribcage, or obliging a heart-lung machine to be utilized.

The incisions for heart surgery are about 4 – 5 inches, replacing conventional bigger and deeper cuts of 7 – 8 inches.

imagesTypes of Minimally invasive heart surgery

1.     Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery – Valve surgeries, including valve repairs and valve substitutions, are the most widely recognized sort of minimal invasive surgery, representing 87 percent of all insignificantly intrusive cardiovascular surgeries.
2.     Minimally Invasive CABG Surgery – Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass graft (MIDCABG) surgery is an alternative for many patients who needs a left internal bypass graft for mammary artery to the left descending artery in anterior.

Also Saphenous (leg) vein harvest is implanted using minmal invasive process.

3.     Off-pump/beating heart bypass surgery – Other procedures include MAZE Procedure for Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation, Multi-Vessel Small Thoracotomy, Single-Vessel Small Thoracotomy, Minimally Invasive Treatment for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), Minimally Invasive Treatment for Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD), USC Cardiac Electrophysiology Service.
4.     Robot-assisted heart surgery – In this surgery, the precise moves performed in customary open midsection operation are copied by the specialist utilizing mechanical arms, as opposed to his or her hands. In this system, your specialist lives up to expectations at a remote re-assure and perspectives your heart in an amplified top quality 3-D picture on a feature screen.

From the remote re-assure, your specialist’s hand developments are made an interpretation of definitely to the automated arms at the working table, which move also to the human wrist. A second specialist and surgical group helps at the working table, changing surgical instruments appended to the automated arms.

Advantages of Minimally invasive heart surgery

It is most improved technique of the period but this can’t be option for anyone and everyone. Some parameters are to be followed to get best results. Thos depends a lot on patient’s general health conditions. These types of surgeries are offering several benefits in patient’s life suffering with cardiac disorder.

Advantages involves

  • blood loss is less
  • infection is low
  • trauma and pain are reduced
  • hospitalization is less , quick recovery and quicker return to normal activities
  • Smaller, less noticeable scars

Risk factors of minimally invasive heart surgery

Common complications and risks are in every surgery but our experts make sure to lower down these factors.

  • Blood blocks ( clots ) in the legs that may travel to the lungs
  • Blood loss
  • Breathing problems
  • Heart attack or stroke
  • Infection of the lungs, urinary tract, and chest
  • Temporary or permanent brain injury

How Safe and Effective Is this surgery?

The results are precise and harmless. This proves minimal invasive surgery type is very useful, safe and also effective. The advantages of treatment type are well known by every patient undergoing the surgery and are also aware about all risks, but the complication rates are very less.

All to tell is the patient should choose surgeon and place wisely with all possibilities in mind. Surgeon should be skilled and well qualified to operate minimal invasive procedures and familiar with international protocols. The surgery takes two to three days of hospital stay and good nursing services will allow patient to recover more quick.

All together, heart surgery is package with high advantage and satisfaction.