Why Are Your Gums Bleeding?

You’ve Got Gum Disease

While brushing if you see red, then it is likely caused by early stage gum disease or gingivitis. Normally the bacteria live in the mouth and build up and form a sticky film on the teeth called as plaque which when not removed can make the gums to swell up, turn red and bleed.


You Skip Brushing and Flossing

If you want to prevent gum disease and stop the bleeding; always keep our mouth clean. Follow dentist’s advice and brush with fluoride toothpaste once after each mean and before bed. Floss everyday and use an antiseptic mouthwash. Visit your dentist twice a year for checkups to catch gum disease early, before it leads to tooth loss.

You’ve Changed Your Flossing Habits

Are you new to the routine of flossing? Probably you’ll notice some bleeding as your gums get calm down. Don’t let the sight of blood make you give up this healthy habit. Flossing removes the plaque to prevent the bleeding gums in the future.

Your Toothbrush Is Too Rough

The hard bristles can hurt the delicate gums. Bleeding could be a sign that you need to use softer brush or you are going to intensely at your gums. Buy a soft or extra-soft toothbrush and use a gentle back and forth motion to clean your gums and teeth so that you don’t injure them.

You Take Certain Medications

Blood thinners such as warfarin can make your gum bleed easily. Some blood pressure, anti-seizure and immune-suppressing drugs make gums grow too quickly. New gum tissue is more delicate and may bleed while brushing. Antihistamines, antidepressants, and blood pressure medicines cause dry mouth that can contribute to gum disease.

You’re Pregnant

The belly isn’t only part which swells during pregnancy. Hormone changes send more blood flow to gums; it will puff up, turn red and bleed more easily. Gums are more likely to get hit by bacteria which cause plaque and called as pregnancy gingivitis. It is important to brush and floss during these nine months. Avoid cigarettes and sweets to protect both you and your growing baby’s teeth.

You’ve Got a Blood-Clotting Problem

When you cut yourself, blood cells called platelets rush to area and form a plug over the wound to stop bleeding. Those with bleeding disorders such as von Willebrand disease and haemophilia don’t form clots as they should. Bleeding gums are a sign that you have a clotting problem. If you have it, then treatment with clotting factors will help to stop bleeding.

You Have Leukemia

It is a cancer of bone marrow in which your body makes too many abnormal while blood cells that crowd out healthy red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Without platelets blood can’t clot normally and gums may bleed. Chemotherapy drugs used to treat leukemia can lower platelet count and cause bleeding gums.

Your Dentures Don’t Fit

Although they let you eat your favorite foods and give you back a natural smile, if they don’t fit then they can slide around in mouth and rub painfully against your gums. Hold warm compress against gums and rinse your mouth with salt water to heal the sores and bring down swelling. To get your dentures refitted, see your dentist as soon as you can.

You’ve Got Diabetes

It can make harder for body to fight off bacteria in the mouth causing plaque. Gum bleeding during brushing or flossing is a sign that diabetes has lead to gum disease.

You’re Stressed Out

Stress affects more than mental state and has long lasting effects on your physical health as well. When you are stressed, the body make chemicals which lead to inflammation and gum disease. When you are upset, you tend to eat more sweets, smoke or drink alcohol that is unhealthy habits which encourage growth of bacteria in the mouth.

You Have Cirrhosis

Gum bleeding is a sign of cirrhosis that causes scarring of the liver.

Bleeding Gums Run in Your Family

If your family members have unhealthy gums, then you might inherit genes that make you more likely to have it. You can reverse the process by taking good care of your gums and teeth and regular checkups with your dentist.

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The Risk Factors of Gum Disease


If you have been suffering from periodontal disease, you are certainly not alone. A number of US citizens are pitted with this aliment, which can range from simple gum inflammation to certain serious kinds of diseases resulting to several bigger damages to bone and soft tissues that together support the teeth. Whether you lose your teeth or see its decay along with other issues, the fact of the matter is, the gum diseases can be fatal for health. Our mouth as we know is a place of bacteria, which needs to be properly flossed and cleaned using a proper paste and toothbrush. However, if these remain, they bring in gum diseases, which can further give you a number of risk factors that are discussed in this post.

Beauty young woman flossing her teeth at home. Pretty teenage gi

Gum disease dangers   

There are many people who are simply not aware about the gum diseases. You can even experience them without getting symptoms. However, the below listed symptoms or dangers are commonly noticed in the presence of gum disease:

  • Red, swollen and red gums that
  • Bleeding from the gums while you brush/ floss your teeth
  • Gums getting pulled off from the teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Change the way teeth fits together while you bite
  • A pus in between teeth and gums
  • Loads of pain while chewing
  • Teeth getting too much sensitive
  • Partial dentures without longer fitting
  • Bad breath even while you brush your teeth

What’s the damage?     

With the stick bacterial plague that is found over your teeth, you can find bleeding and inflamed gums, which hamper your oral health. As per recent reports, the presence of bacteria in your mouth can lead to other issues like dementia and heart attack, which can easily jeopardize your overall health. The plaque is formed when one consumes beverages/foods with sugars; this is when the bacteria release the acids that in turn attack your tooth enamel. With this, the gum tissues are seen pulling away from your teeth thus allowing the bacteria destroying the supporting bone over the teeth.

Preventing problems    

One of the basic aims of the treatment of gum diseases is to control the infection. The fact of the matter is there are several types of treatment, which can vary from one to the other as per the kind of gum disease infection. Any kind of treatment would involve taking care of the patients at home. Well, let’s check some of the common prevention methods of gum disease:

  • Deep Cleaning (Scaling & Root Planing): The dentist, dental hygienist or periodontist simply removes the plaque with deep cleaning option known as scaling and root planing. Scaling deals with scraping away the tartar from the gum line. The root planning helps in making the rough spots over the tooth root wherein the germs are collected and then removed that contribute this disease. In some cases, you will find the laser being used to remove the plaque. This procedure is free from bleeding, swelling and pain as compared to the traditional method of cleaning.
  • Medications: One of the common options to treat the gum disease is medications. However, this is more used in the initial stage, while in most of the advance cases, surgical options are considered. As per the long term studies, the use of medications simply reduces the need of having surgery. The doctors can prescribe a number of medications for the same.
  • Surgical Treatment: If nothing works, surgical options are chosen to treat the patient suffering from the menace called gum disease. There are types of surgeries common in gum disease treatment. These include the flap surgery and second are the bone and tissue grafts. The former is required for addressing the inflammation and deep pockets treatment, while the second one deals with making the bones strong with the techniques of bone grafting.