What is a cataract?
Eyes are one of the most fragile and vital organ of body. An intensive approach is required to treat the disorders related with them. Cataract is a disease distressing the vision of a person commonly observed in old age but young ones are also susceptible acquiring the disorder if infections of eyes are ignored. Cataract damages the natural lenses of our eye by covering with a thin layer appearing cloudiness. Usually an eye specialist advises the patients to undergo a surgery; methods may vary according to the need and condition of patients.
Two types of cataracts are known
- Age related cataract
- Congenital cataracts (childhood cataracts)
What Cataract ?
We all are at risk of cataract once we get old, this include 50 % of population getting cataract. Here are causes or reasons to get cataract
- Relatives who have or had cataracts. Genetic disorder (family history)
- Ionizing radiation exposure
- Diabetes – people suffering from diabetes are at more risk rather than a normal person. He or she can develop cataract at early age too.
- Long-term exposure to bright sunlight
- Crystalline loss of function
- Significant alcohol consumption
- Eye infection or previous eye injuries.
What are the symptoms of a cataract?
Cataracts typically develops slowly and cause couple of indications until they recognizably piece light that mean the eyes are unable to see clearly. At the point when side effects are available, they can include:
- Vision that is shady, hazy, foggy, or cloudy
- Progressive nearsightedness in more senior individuals frequently called “second sight” in light of the fact that in spite of the fact that their separation vision is disintegrating, they might no more need perusing glasses.
- Changes in the way you see shading/ colors on the grounds that the stained lens goes about as filters.
- Issues driving during the evening, for example, glare from approaching headlights.
- Issues with glare during the day.
- Twofold vision while looking through the eye with a cataract (like a superimposed picture).
- Sudden changes in glasses remedy or glass specifications.
How is a cataract treated?
At the point when symptoms start to show up, you may have the capacity to enhance your vision for some time utilizing new glasses, solid bifocals, amplification, suitable lighting or other visual guides.
After these solutions are not playing important role in viewing, surgery is the option to go with.
Latest techniques are completed in minimum one hour and require only one day stay in hospital; regular check up is necessarily followed by patient and surgeon completing exemplary nursing care to avoid any complication after surgery. The modal operation with advanced technology, in which eliminating damaged natural lens all in one piece and implanting another interocular lens is known as phacoemulsification. This upgraded method uses high skilled ultrasound technology to break the cloud layer, which do not need stitching later on.
Is cataract surgery safe and effective?
Yes, with new technology and methods for cataract surgery are safe and effective.
Most patients will experience vision improvement virtually immediately. It may take a while for the eye to settle down completely. The cut in the eye may occasionally need a stitch – in most cases, however, it is so small that it heals by itself.
No major side effect or complication comes with operation if proper procedure is followed and after care is as per doctor’s advice. Cataract surgery at time also reduces risk of further development of cataract which leads to complete blindness.